Friday, May 26, 2017

May 27

  • May 27, 1564
    John Calvin, one of the dominant figures of the Protestant Reformation, dies in Geneva
  • May 27, 1629
    The Treaty of Lübeck is signed between Denmark and the Holy Roman Empire
  • May 27, 1644
    After decisive victory at the Shanhai Pass, the Manchu, the people from Northeastern China, conquer China ending the Ming Dynasty and establish subsequent Qing Dynasty, which rule until 1912
  • May 27, 1647
    Alse Young becomes first woman known to be executed as a witch in the thirteen American colonies
  • May 27, 1679
    Habeas Corpus Act, a procedural device to force the courts to examine the lawfulness of a prisoner's detention, passes in England
  • May 27, 1703
    Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of Saint Petersburg, the capital of Russia until 1918, on small Hare Island by the north bank of the Neva River ceded by Sweden during the Great Northern War
  • May 27, 1738
    Turkish troops occupy city of Ochakiv
  • May 27, 1895
    British inventor Birt Acres patents the first British 35 mm moving picture camera
  • May 27, 1930
    The Chrysler Building, 319 meters tall skyscraper on the east side of Manhattan, opens to the public and becomes the tallest man-made structure in the world
  • May 27, 1931
    Auguste Piccard and Paul Kipfer make first flight into stratosphere, by balloon and gather substantial data on the upper atmosphere, as well as measure cosmic rays
  • May 27, 1937
    In California, USA, the Golden Gate Bridge officially opens to pedestrian traffic, becoming the world's longest span
  • May 27, 1939
    DC Comics publishes its second superhero, "Batman"
  • May 27, 1940
    Belgium surrenders to Germany
  • May 27, 1942
    Jan Kubiš and Josef Gabcik, part of a Czechoslovak commando team from England, make an assassination attempt on Reinhard Heydrich, who is wounded by grenade shrapnel, and later dies of the wound, in Prague
  • May 27, 1949
    Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai during Chinese Civil War
  • May 27, 1952
    European Defense Community, an international organization to form a pan-European defense force, is formed
  • May 27, 1952
    The first effective vaccine against poliomyelitis, an viral infectious disease, is developed by Jonas Salk
  • May 27, 1969
    Walt Disney World construction begins in Bay Lake, Florida, United States
  • May 27, 1977
    Two Boeing 747 passenger aircrafts collide on the runway of Los Rodeos Airport on the Spanish island of Tenerife, one of the Canary Islands, becoming the deadliest accident in aviation history with a number of 583 fatalities
  • May 27, 1994
    Alexander Solzhenitsyn, a Russian novelist, returns to Russia after 20 years in exile
  • May 27, 1996
    Russian President Boris Yeltsin meets with Chechnyan rebels for the first time and negotiates a cease-fire in the war, marking end of First Chechen War
  • May 27, 1999
    The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands indicts Slobodan Milosevic and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo
  • May 27, 2008
    Nepal's constituent assembly in Kathmandu, mostly consisting of communist parties, votes 597 to 4 to abolish 240 years of royal rule, becoming a democratic republic nation

Thursday, May 25, 2017

May 26

  • May 26, 451
    Army of Sassanid Empire defeat united Armenian forces at the Battle of Avarair with strategic victory for Armenians
  • May 26, 1637
    150 Puritans lead by Captain John Mason with 60 Mohegan warriors attack fortified Pequot village at Mystic, in Connecticut River Valley, North America and burn the entire village, shoot fleeing escapers, killing about 700 men, women, children in under hour
  • May 26, 1736
    British and Chickasaw Indians, supported by the British, defeat a combined force of French soldiers and Chocktaw Indians at the Battle of Ackia, thus opening the region to English settlement
  • May 26, 1798
    British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara
  • May 26, 1805
    Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned king of Italy
  • May 26, 1805
    Lewis and Clark first see the Rocky Mountains
  • May 26, 1834
    Portuguese Civil war between progressive constitutionalists and authoritarian absolutists ends with restore of constitutional monarchy and exile of absolutist Miguel I
  • May 26, 1860
    Giuseppe Garibaldi occupies Palermo, Italy during Expedition of the Thousand
  • May 26, 1868
    Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, is executed for his part in the Clerkenwell bombing, which becomes the last British public execution
  • May 26, 1868
    The United States Senate impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson ends with his acquittal as the Senate fell one vote short of the two-thirds majority required for conviction
  • May 26, 1879
    Treaty of Gandermack is signed between Great Britain and Afghanistan and cedes various frontier areas to Britain
  • May 26, 1894
    Emanuel Lasker, a German mathematician and World Chess Champion for 27 years, becomes World Champion chess player for the first time
  • May 26, 1896
    The Dow Jones Industrial Average, an index of 12 industrial companies, is first published
  • May 26, 1918
    Democratic Republic of Georgia declares independence from Russia
  • May 26, 1924
    United States President Calvin Coolidge signs Immigration Act of 1924, significantly restricting immigration from Easter and Southern Europe and prohibiting the immigration of Arabs, East Asians, and Indians
  • May 26, 1948
    South Africa elects a nationalist government in the parliamentary election, which begin system of racial segregation policy known as apartheid
  • May 26, 1965
    Revised International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea takes effect
  • May 26, 1966
    Guyana, formerly British Guiana, declares independence from United Kingdom
  • May 26, 1971
    Soviet Union's Concorde, TU-144, makes its first appearance
  • May 26, 1972
    US President Richard Nixon and Soviet Leader Leonid Brezhnev signs Strategic Arms Limitation Talks accord
  • May 26, 1981
    The Italian government resigns over its links to the fascist Masonic cell Propaganda Due
  • May 26, 1986
    The European Community adopts the European flag
  • May 26, 2010
    Market capitalization of Apple, US$222 billion, passes Microsoft for the first time since December 19,1989, making Apple stock more than 10 times worth what they were 10 years ago, whereas Microsoft stock is down 20 percent over the same time period
  • May 26, 2011
    Former Bosnian Serb Army commander Ratko Mladic, wanted for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, is arrested in Serbia

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

May 25

  • May 25, 1521
    Charles V, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, officially declares Martin Luther a criminal and heretic for refusing to recant at the Diet of Worms
  • May 25, 1624
    The Parliament of England issues Statute of Monopolies, the first statutory expression of English patent law
  • May 25, 1659
    Richard Cromwell resigns as English Lord Protector
  • May 25, 1720
    Great Plague of Marseille, which kills 100,000 people in the city, begins
  • May 25, 1810
    Argentina declares independence from Napoleonic Spain
  • May 25, 1812
    92 miners are killed during a series of coal mine explosions, which take place around the Felling Colliery in Durhamshire, England
  • May 25, 1844
    The first telegraphed news dispatch, sent from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore, appears in the Baltimore "Patriot"
  • May 25, 1887
    In France, a gas lamp at the Paris Opera catches fir; 200 die
  • May 25, 1895
    Playwright Oscar Wilde is convicted of a morals charge in London and is sentenced to two years in prison
  • May 25, 1911
    Revolution in Mexico overthrows President Porfirio Díaz
  • May 25, 1915
    Second Battle of Ypres ends leaving 105,000 casualties
  • May 25, 1945
    Arther C Clark, a British science fiction writer, proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • May 25, 1946
    The United Nations approve the end of the British Mandate and recognize Transjordan as an independent sovereign kingdom Jordan
  • May 25, 1961
    United States President John Kennedy appeals to Congress that the nation should commit to "landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth" by the end of the decade
  • May 25, 1963
    Organization for African Unity is formed by Chad, Mauritania, and Zambia
  • May 25, 1977
    "Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope", the first release in the Star Wars saga created by American filmmaker George Lucas, is released
  • May 25, 2000
    Israel withdraws military forces from southern Lebanon after 22 years of occupation
  • May 25, 2002
    China Airlines Flight 611 breaks up near the Penghu Islands at Taiwan Strait, killing all 225 people on board

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

May 24

  • May 24, 1153
    Malcolm IV, also known as Malcolm the Maiden, becomes king of Scotland
  • May 24, 1300
    King Philip IV of France occupies Flanders. Guy, Count of Flanders is captured
  • May 24, 1370
    Hanseatic League and Danish king Valdemar IV sign peace treaty ending the war and giving an effective trade and political monopoly in Scandinavia to the League
  • May 24, 1543
    Nicolaus Copernicus, a mathematician and astronomer, dies in Poland
  • May 24, 1658
    Battle of the Dunes ends with a victory of the French army and their Commonwealth of England allies over the Spanish army and their English Royalist and French Fronde rebels
  • May 24, 1667
    French troops invade the Southern Netherlands beginning the War of Devolution between France and Spain as a result of the claim by Louis XIV that the ownership of the Spanish Netherlands devolved to his wife upon the death of her father, Philip IV of Spain
  • May 24, 1689
    English Parliament passes the Act of Toleration, protecting Protestants, but Roman Catholics are specifically excluded from exemption
  • May 24, 1798
    Believing that a French invasion of Ireland is imminent, Irish nationalists rise up against the British occupation
  • May 24, 1822
    At Battle of Pichincha in Ecuador General Antonio José de Sucre win a decisive victory against Spanish forces
  • May 24, 1823
    The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company is founded to build a railway between the North West England towns of Liverpool and Manchester in the United Kingdom, the first railway to rely exclusively on steam power
  • May 24, 1844
    Samuel Morse sends the first telegraphic message via publicly funded telegraph line in the world between Washington, DC and Baltimore ushering in the age of the telegraph
  • May 24, 1856
    The Pottawatomie Massacre takes place in Kansas when John Brown, American abolitionist and horse thief, preside over the hacking to death with machetes of five unarmed pro-slavery Border Ruffians in Potawatomi, Kansas
  • May 24, 1883
    The Brooklyn Bridge, one of the oldest suspension bridges, is dedicated by President Chester Arthur and New York Govener Grover Cleveland, and officially opened to traffic linking the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn
  • May 24, 1923
    Irish Civil War ends with victory of Pro-Treaty
  • May 24, 1993
    Eritrea gains independence from Ethiopia
  • May 24, 2006
    East Timor's Foreign Minister José Ramos-Horta officially requests military assistance from the governments of Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia and Portugal

Monday, May 22, 2017

May 23

  • May 23, 1430
    Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne, France by the Burgundians, who sell her to the English
  • May 23, 1493
    King Charles VIII and Maximilian I of Austria signs Peace of Senlis, by which Duchy of Burgundy remains in French hands
  • May 23, 1498
    Girolamo Savonarola, dictator of Florence, is tortured and burned by enraged crowd in Florence at age 45
  • May 23, 1524
    Ismail I, the founder of Safavid dynasty, dies and Tahmasp I becomes king
  • May 23, 1536
    Pope Paul III installs Portuguese inquisition
  • May 23, 1568
    Dutch rebels beat Spanish at the Battle at Heiligerlee
  • May 23, 1618
    The Bohemian Revolt and Thirty Years' War begin after Second Prague Defenestration when three opponents of the Reformation are thrown through a window of Prague Castle into the moat
  • May 23, 1667
    King Afonso VI of Portugal flees
  • May 23, 1701
    New York sea captain William Kidd is hanged on the banks of the Thames after being found guilty of piracy and murder
  • May 23, 1706
    At the battle of Ramillies Duke of Marlborough defeats French and 17,000 are killed
  • May 23, 1774
    Chestertown tea party occurs when tea is dumped into Chester River
  • May 23, 1785
    Benjamin Franklin in Paris speaks of his invention of bifocals in a letter to friend and philanthropist George Whatley
  • May 23, 1844
    Persian Prophet the Báb announces his revelation, founding Bábísm and announces to the world of the coming of "He whom God shall make manifest"
  • May 23, 1853
    Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina
  • May 23, 1871
    In France extremists burn the Tuileries Palace
  • May 23, 1915
    Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary and Germany
  • May 23, 1949
    The Federal Republic of Germany is established on the territory of the Western occupied zones, with Bonn as its capital
  • May 23, 1951
    Seventeen Point Agreement, which incorporates Tibet into People's Republic of China is signed
  • May 23, 1958
    Mao Zedong starts Great Leap Forward movement in China, an economic campaign to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society through the process of industrialization and collectivization
  • May 23, 1960
    Israel announces capture of German Adolf Eichmann, one of the major organizers of the Holocaust, in Argentina
  • May 23, 1977
    Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren and 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Netherlands; children released May 27, siege ends June 11
  • May 23, 1995
    At the Sun World conference in San Francisco, California, Sun Microsystems introduces the Java interactive programming language, named as Oak during development

Sunday, May 21, 2017

May 22

  • May 22, 337
    Emperor of Rome Constantine dies in villa Achyron near Nicomedia, so three his sons Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans, succeed
  • May 22, 1200
    Philip II of France recognizes John's possession of the continental Angevin lands at the peace treaty of Le Goulet
  • May 22, 1246
    Henry Raspe, promoted by Archbishop of Cologne Konrad von Hochstaden, is elected antiking in opposition to Conrad IV of Germany by the Rhenish prelates in France
  • May 22, 1370
    Jews are massacred and expelled from Brussels, Belgium
  • May 22, 1455
    King Henry VI is taken prisoner by the Yorkists, a cadet branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet, at the Battle of St. Albans, the first battle in the 30-year War of the Roses
  • May 22, 1526
    Pope Clement VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence and Milan form League of Cognac against Emperor Charles V
  • May 22, 1712
    Emperor Charles VI is crowned king of Hungary
  • May 22, 1762
    Trevi Fountain, one of the most famous fountains in the world, completed by Italian sculptor Pietro Bracci, is officially inaugurated by Pope Clement XIII
  • May 22, 1843
    The first wagon train with over 1,000 settlers and 1,000 head of cattle sets out from Missouri down the Oregon Trail, an east-west wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon
  • May 22, 1860
    In Lebanon a small group of Maronites fire on a group of Druzes at the entrance to Beirut, killing one and wounding two, which sparks off a torrent of violence which swept through Lebanon
  • May 22, 1888
    Leroy Buffington, an architect from Minnesota, patents a system to build skyscrapers using load-bearing iron frames
  • May 22, 1939
    At the Reich Chancellory in Berlin, Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano and German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop sign a ten-year political and military alliance, dubbed the Pact of Steel
  • May 22, 1943
    Stalin disbands Communist International
  • May 22, 1957
    South Africa Government approves race separation in universities
  • May 22, 1960
    A 9.5-magnitude earthquake occurs off the coast of Chile, killing about 1700 and leaving 2 million homeless and becomes the largest earthquake recorded to date
  • May 22, 1973
    At Xerox PARC, Bob Metcalfe invents the Ethernet computer connectivity system, taking the name "Ethernet" based on a discredited physical theory of an existing "ether" in space allowing transmission of light rays from the sun to the Earth
  • May 22, 2001
    The Terraces of the Baha'i Faith, garden terraces around the Shrine of the Báb on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel officially open
  • May 22, 2012
    Tokyo Skytree, the tallest self-supporting tower in the world at 634 metres high, is opened to the public
  • May 22, 2014
    The Royal Thai Army overthrows the caretaker government of Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan after a failure to resolve the political unrest in Thailand

Saturday, May 20, 2017

May 21

  • May 21, 987
    French King Louis V dies from a fall while hunting, terminating the Carolingian period of Frankish rule
  • May 21, 996
    Otto III is crowned the Roman Emperor by his cousin Pope Gregory V
  • May 21, 1420
    King Charles VI of France signs the Treaty of Troyes that recognizes all the territorial gains of King Henry V of England, gives Henry the daughter of Charles in marriage, and acknowledges Henry as the legitimate heir to the French throne
  • May 21, 1471
    Henry VI, king of England and France, is killed in the tower of London and Edward IV takes the throne
  • May 21, 1535
    Imperial authorities in Antwerp capture and imprison William Tyndale for heresy over his translation of the Bible into English
  • May 21, 1542
    Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto dies while searching for gold along the Mississippi River and is buried by his men in the Mississippi River in what is now Louisiana in order that Indians would not learn of his death, and thus disprove de Soto's claims of divinity
  • May 21, 1674
    General John Sobieski is chosen King of Poland
  • May 21, 1683
    The Society of Suriname, a Dutch private company, is founded by the city of Amsterdam, the Van Aerssen van Sommelsdijck family, and the Dutch West India Company
  • May 21, 1809
    Austrian archduke Charles beats Napoleon at Battle of Aspern-Essling when he was crossing the Danube near Vienna, which becomes the first personally defeat of Napoleon over a decade
  • May 21, 1840
    New Zealand is founded as a British colony since the Treaty of Waitangi is signed by Māori chiefs of New Zealand and representatives of Queen Victoria
  • May 21, 1871
    French government troops enter in Paris and attack the Commune of Paris
  • May 21, 1881
    Clara Barton, a hospital nurse, founds American Red Cross
  • May 21, 1881
    Standard Oil, an American oil producing founded by John D. Rockefeller, becomes the world's first trust, after thirty-seven stockholders convey their shares
  • May 21, 1916
    Britain begins "Summer Time", which becomes the implementation of daylight saving time
  • May 21, 1927
    Charles Lindbergh, an American aviator, becomes the first person who makes solo non-stop transatlantic flight, from New York's Long Island to Le Bourget Field in Paris
  • May 21, 1945
    German war criminal Heinrich Himmler is captured
  • May 21, 1998
    Suharto forced to resign as president of Indonesia after 31-year reign