Sunday, April 23, 2017

April 24

  • April 24, 1547
    Emperor Charles V decisively dismantles the Protestant League of Schmalkalden at the Battle of Muhlberg
  • April 24, 1558
    Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown prince Francis
  • April 24, 1704
    The Boston News-Letter is established, the first successful newspaper in U.S
  • April 24, 1854
    Emperor of Austria s Franz Joseph I marries Elisabeth of Bavaria, also known as the Sisi
  • April 24, 1888
    Eastman Kodak, a company produced the Kodak Camera, is formed by George Eastman
  • April 24, 1915
    Massacre of Armenians by Turks begins as part of Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire, during which over 1 million Armenian was deported and killed
  • April 24, 1916
    In Dublin, Ireland, the Irish Republican Brotherhood launches the Easter Rebellion, an armed uprising against British rule
  • April 24, 1926
    Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Treaty of Berlin which states that if one country is attacked, the other is to remain neutral
  • April 24, 1967
    Vladimir Komarov, a Soviet cosmonaut, becomes the first to die in space, aboard Soyuz 1 at age 40
  • April 24, 1980
    Operation Eagle Claw, a US commando mission in Iran to rescue American embassy hostages, is aborted and eight United States troops are killed in a mid-air collision during the failed operation after mechanical problems ground the rescue helicopters
  • April 24, 1990
    The Hubble Space Telescope, a space telescope to observe in the near ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared spectra, is launched
  • April 24, 2007
    Gliese 581 c, a potentially habitable Earth-like extrasolar planet, is discovered in the constellation Libra by La Silla Observatory
  • April 24, 2013
    An eight-storey commercial building collapses in Savar Upazila near the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka, leaving 1,129 dead and becoming the deadliest non-terrorist structural collapse in modern times

Saturday, April 22, 2017

April 23

Friday, April 21, 2017

April 22

  • April 22, 1073
    Gregory VII, Hildebrand of Sovana, becomes Pope after death of Pope Alexander II
  • April 22, 1370
    The first stone of the Bastille is laid by order of King Charles V in order to defend Paris from England forces during Hundred Year War
  • April 22, 1453
    The Ottomans haul 76 warships out of the water and drag them on wood rails to bypass the Greek blockade of the Constantinople harbor
  • April 22, 1509
    Henry VIII ascends to English throne after death of his father Henry VII to become the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty
  • April 22, 1529
    Treaty of Zaragoza defines the antimeridian of Tordesillas attributing the Moluccas to Portugal and Philippines to Spain
  • April 22, 1676
    Netherlands and Spain forces are defeated by France in the Battle of Augusta, a Dutch skilled admiral Michiel de Ruyter is fatally wounded
  • April 22, 1724
    Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher, is born in Konigsberg, modern-day Kaliningrad
  • April 22, 1745
    Treaty of Fussen is signed between the Electorate of Bavaria and Habsburg Austria, restoring the status quo of Germany
  • April 22, 1826
    Ibrahim Pasha, son of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, takes Missolonghi in West Greece after a long siege
  • April 22, 1876
    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, a Russian composer, completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
  • April 22, 1898
    The United States Navy begin blockading Cuban ports under orders from President McKinley, formally declaring war between the United States and Spain
  • April 22, 1915
    Second Battle of Ypres, marked by the first mass use of poison gas, begins between German Empire and Allies
  • April 22, 1930
    United States, Britain and Japan sign London Naval Treaty to reduce naval forces, which is strongly opposed by the Japanese military and inflames growing anti-foreign sentiment and militarism
  • April 22, 1943
    British Royal Air Force shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • April 22, 1970
    First Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources
  • April 22, 1977
    Simon Peres, a Polish-born Israeli statesman, becomes premier of Israel
  • April 22, 1978
    The One Love Peace Concert is held at National Heroes Stadium in Kingston, Jamaica, where Bob Marley unites two opposing political leaders at this concert, bringing peace to the civil war-ridden streets of the city
  • April 22, 2010
    The Deepwater Horizon oil rig off the Louisiana coast sinks into the Gulf of Mexico two days after an explosion tore through it, leaving the largest oil spill in United States history with 492,000 tonnes of oil

Thursday, April 20, 2017

April 21

  • April 21, 753 BC
    Rome is founded on the Palatine Hill by representatives of Latins, an Italic tribe inhabiting central Italy, according with the Roman annalists
  • April 21, 1477
    Maximilian of Habsburg marries Maria of Burgundy, heiress of all the Netherlands
  • April 21, 1526
    King of Kabul Babur with an Islamic forces annihilates Indian Army of sultan of Delhi Ibrahim Lodi at the Battle of Panipat, starting the Mughal dynasty at Delhi
  • April 21, 1649
    The Maryland Toleration Act, which provides for freedom of worship for all Christians, is passed by the Maryland assembly
  • April 21, 1792
    Joaquim Jose da Silva Xavier also known as Tiradentes, is drawn and quartered by the Portuguese in Rio de Janeiro and pieces of his body are exposed in the cities between Vila Rica and Rio, in an attempt to scare the people who have listened to his independence ideas
  • April 21, 1836
    Texian Army defeat and capture Mexican general Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at the 18 minutes-long Battle of San Jacinto, which leads to end of the Texas Revolution and independence of Republic of Texas from Mexico
  • April 21, 1863
    Baha'u'llah declares his station as "He whom God shall make manifest" in Iran, marking the foundation of the Bahai faith, which reflectes the attitudes of the Shiah sect with an emphasis on tolerance
  • April 21, 1864
    Max Weber, German sociologist and political economist, who drew strong connection between Protestantism and the rise of capitalism, is born
  • April 21, 1914
    United States marines occupy Vera Cruz, Mexico and stay six months in an effort to try to preserve trade
  • April 21, 1918
    Manfred von Richthofen, a German fighter pilot considered the top ace of the World War I, also known as Red Baron, is shot down and killed near Amiens
  • April 21, 1945
    About 320,000 German troops in Army Group B surrender to Allies in the Ruhr
  • April 21, 1952
    British Overseas Airways Corporation begins First scheduled flight by commercial jet, London-Rome route
  • April 21, 1960
    Brasilia becomes the capital of Brazil
  • April 21, 1967
    Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier after military coup in Greece
  • April 21, 1992
    The death of Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia results in a succession dispute between Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia and Vladimir's daughter Maria for the leadership of the Imperial Family of Russia
  • April 21, 1994
    The Red Cross estimates that hundreds of thousands of Tutsi have been killed in Rwanda
  • April 21, 2009
    UNESCO launches The World Digital Library, an international digital library

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

April 20

  • April 20, 121
    Marcus Aurelius, 16th Roman emperor, is born
  • April 20, 1139
    Second Lateran Council, the tenth ecumenical council, opened in Rome to declare clerical marriages invalid, regulate clerical dress, and punish attacks on clerics by excommunication
  • April 20, 1632
    Nicolas Antoine, a French Christian Protestant theologian converted to Judiasm, is burned at the stake
  • April 20, 1653
    Oliver Cromwell dissolved the English parliament
  • April 20, 1657
    English Admiral Robert Blake fights his last battle when he destroyed the Spanish fleet in Santa Cruz de Tenerife Bay
  • April 20, 1769
    Ottawa Chief Pontiac is murdered by an Indian in Cahokia
  • April 20, 1770
    Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales, Australia starting his exploration and mapping of Australia
  • April 20, 1777
    New York adopts new constitution, written by Gouverneur Morris, as an independent state
  • April 20, 1804
    Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Haitian rebel leader, commands 1804 Haiti Massacre of the French at town of Cape Francois, during which the white Haitians were practically eradicated
  • April 20, 1809
    Napoleon defeat Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • April 20, 1832
    US Congress passes legislation making thermal springs at Hot Springs, Arkansas, the first nationally protected area in the USA
  • April 20, 1871
    The Enforcement Act of 1871, also known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, allows the President to suspend writ of habeas corpus
  • April 20, 1902
    Marie and Pierre Curie isolate from a ton of pitchblende one-tenth of a gram of radium chloride
  • April 20, 1919
    Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania during Polish-Soviet War
  • April 20, 1992
    Seville's six-month Universal Exhibition opens, called Seville Expo 1992, in the city of Seville, Spain
  • April 20, 1999
    Two Littleton, Colorado teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, open fire on their Columbine High School teachers and classmates, killing 12 students and one teacher, and then themselves
  • April 20, 2006
    Iran announces a uranium enrichment deal with Russia, involving a joint uranium enrichment firm on Russian soil; nine days later Iran announces that it will not move all activity to Russia, thus leading to a de-facto termination of the deal
  • April 20, 2009
    Oracle announces it will acquire Sun Microsystems for more than US$7 billion

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

April 19

  • April 19, 1215
    English barons assemble an army of some 2,000 men near London and demand that King John address their call for tax relief
  • April 19, 1763
    Teedyuscung, a Lenape Indian leader, is burned to death while sleeping in his cabin in the Wyoming Valley
  • April 19, 1775
    At Concord bridge near Boston British troops, who want to seize colonial's weapons and gunpowder, are repulsed by Massachusetts militia with heavy losses to the British which marks beginning of the American Revolution
  • April 19, 1783
    Catherine II, the Empress of Russia, annexes the Crimean Khanate to the Russian empire as Taurida Governorate after series of Russo-Turkish wars
  • April 19, 1794
    Tadeusz Kosciusko force Russians out of Warsaw
  • April 19, 1810
    Simon Bolivar, a military and political leader, is sent by Venezuelan junta with a delegation to the United Kingdom to seek British aid and recognition
  • April 19, 1824
    Lord Byron, an English poet, dies of malaria in Greece at Missolonghi on the gulf of Patras preparing to fight for Greek independence
  • April 19, 1839
    Treaty of London constitutes Belgium as an independent kingdom and confirms the independence of the German-speaking part of Luxembourg
  • April 19, 1892
    The prototype of the first commercially successful American automobile is completed in Springfield, Massachusetts, by Charles Duryea and his brother Frank
  • April 19, 1897
    The first Boston Marathon, the world's oldest annual marathon, is run from Ashland, Massachusetts, to Boston
  • April 19, 1903
    49 Jews are murdered, 700 houses destroyed, and 600 stores pillaged during pogrom in Kishinev triggered by blood libel against Jews and tolerated by the state
  • April 19, 1948
    Chiang Kai-shek is elected President of Nationalist China
  • April 19, 1951
    21-year-old Kiki Hakansson, Miss Sweden, wins the first Miss World beauty pageant held in London, England, as part of the Festival of Britain
  • April 19, 1971
    Salyut 1, the first manned lab in orbit, is launched by USSR
  • April 19, 1995
    Timothy McVeigh bombs the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168, including 8 Federal Marshals and 19 children, and wounding 450
  • April 19, 2005
    Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, succeeds Pope John Paul II, becoming the 265th pope, Pope Benedict XVI

Monday, April 17, 2017

April 18

  • April 18, 1506
    The cornerstone of new St. Peter's Basilica is laid by order of Pope Julius II after demolition of the ancient basilica
  • April 18, 1521
    Martin Luther confronts the emperor Charles V in the Diet of Worms and refuses to retract his views which led to his excommunication
  • April 18, 1663
    Osman declares war on Austria beginning Austro-Turkish War
  • April 18, 1688
    Jacobite army begins siege of Derry in Ireland
  • April 18, 1888
    The Imperial British East Africa Company, the administrator of British East Africa, is incorporated in London, England
  • April 18, 1906
    At 5:13 a.m., an earthquake estimated 8.0 on the Richter scale strikes San Francisco, caused by a slip of the San Andreas Fault over a segment about 275 kilometers long, killing estimated 3,000 people from the quake and fires and destroying over 80% of the city
  • April 18, 1924
    First crossword puzzle book is published in USA by Simon and Schuster
  • April 18, 1949
    Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • April 18, 1951
    France, West Germany and Benelux form European Steel and Coal Community by Treaty of Paris, making one more step to the founding of the European Union
  • April 18, 1974
    Red Brigade, a paramilitary organization, kidnaps Italian Attorney General Mario Sossi
  • April 18, 1980
    Zimbabwe, formerly Southern Rhodesia, declares independence from United Kingdom and Robert Mugabe becomes Prime Minister