Friday, March 17, 2017

March 18

  • March 18, 235
    Alexander Severus, Syrian emperor of Rome, is murdered by his troops. Maximinus Thrax becomes 27th Emperor of the Roman Empire
  • March 18, 1167
    Battle of al-Babein between Kingdom of Jerusalem and Syrians for control of Egypt ends with draw
  • March 18, 1314
    Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake along with his aides by order of King Philip IV of France, who was deeply in debt to the order
  • March 18, 1442
    Forces of Kingdom of Hungary defeat the Ottoman Turks in Battle of Hermannstadt
  • March 18, 1532
    English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome
  • March 18, 1584
    Ivan IV the Terrible, Russian tsar, dies at age 53 and is succeeded by his weak-minded son, Fyodor I with duties handed over to his wife's brother and trusted minister Boris Godunov
  • March 18, 1793
    Austria army beats France at Battle of Neerwinden
  • March 18, 1871
    Paris Commune, a revolutionary and socialist government in Paris, is founded
  • March 18, 1899
    Phoebe, a moon of Saturn, is discovered by American astronomer William Henry Pickering
  • March 18, 1902
    Enrico Caruso, an Italian operatic tenor, becomes first well-known performer to make a gramophone record
  • March 18, 1913
    George I, king of Greece, is assassinated by socialist Alexandros Schinas at age 67
  • March 18, 1915
    Turkey's Canakkale Sea Victory against allied powers occurs during Naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign
  • March 18, 1920
    Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • March 18, 1921
    Polish-Soviet War ends with Peace of Riga, by witch the disputed territories in Belarus and Ukraine are partitioned between Russia and Poland, and Russia surrender works of art and other Polish national treasures acquired from Polish territories after 1772
  • March 18, 1925
    60-kmps Tri-State Tornado, the deadliest tornado in U.S. history, speed through Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, and Tennessee killing 689
  • March 18, 1948
    France, Great Britain, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg sign Treaty of Brussels, contains a mutual defence clause and provides a basis to foundation the Western European Union
  • March 18, 1959
    President Dwight D Eisenhower signs Hawaii Admission Act, which admits the Hawaii into the United States as the 50th state
  • March 18, 1965
    First human space walks occurs, when Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, leaves his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes
  • March 18, 1970
    Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk flees after military coup under General Lon Nol during Cambodian Civil War
  • March 18, 1974
    Most Arab oil-producing nations end embargo against United States
  • March 18, 1978
    Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan, is sentenced to death by hanging for ordering the assassination of a political opponent
  • March 18, 1980
    Fifty people are killed at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, when a Vostok-2M rocket explodes on its launch pad during a fueling operation
  • March 18, 2000
    Chen Shui-bian, one of the founders of Democratic Progressive Party, is elected President of the Taiwan ending Kuomintang rule for the first time

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