Wednesday, March 8, 2017

March 9

  • March 9, 1451
    Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian navigator, is born in Florence
  • March 9, 1529
    Imam Ahmad Gragn defeats the Ethiopian Emperor Dawit II in the Battle of Shimbra Kure, the opening clash of the Ethiopian–Adal War
  • March 9, 1617
    The Treaty of Stolbovo between Sweden and Russia, with English mediation, ends the occupation of Northern Russia by Swedish troops
  • March 9, 1701
    In Biržai Augustus II and Russia's Czar Peter I sign a pact in the castle to unite their forces against Sweden
  • March 9, 1734
    The Russians take Gdańsk in Poland during War of the Polish Succession
  • March 9, 1792
    Speculator William Duer defaults on Hamilton's freshly exchanged "Stock in the Public Funds" and causes the first American stock market crash
  • March 9, 1796
    Napoleon Bonaparte marries Joséphine de Beauharnais in Paris
  • March 9, 1847
    United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico almost with no resistance and start a 20-day siege of Veracruz, the key Mexican seaport
  • March 9, 1932
    Éamon de Valera becomes President of the Executive Council, or prime minister, of the Irish Free State
  • March 9, 1933
    United States Congress passes the Emergency Banking Act, authorizing the President to confiscate gold held by American citizens, except those coins of numismatic value, to be paid $20 in paper per ounce
  • March 9, 1942
    Dutch colonial authorities and all Allied forces in the Netherlands East Indies surrender unconditionally to Japan
  • March 9, 1953
    Some hundreds people are killed during the stampede at funeral of Josef Stalin in Moscow
  • March 9, 1959
    The first Barbie doll, Mattel's "Barbie Millicent Roberts", goes on display at the American Toy Fair in New York City and becomes the first mass-produced toy doll in the United States with adult features
  • March 9, 1974
    Hiroo Onoda, the last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended
  • March 9, 1991
    Two people are killed during massive demonstrations held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  • March 9, 1992
    The People's Republic of China ratifies the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

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