Friday, May 12, 2017

May 13

  • May 13, 609
    Pope Boniface IV turns Pantheon, given him by the Byzantine emperor Phocas, into Christian church
  • May 13, 1110
    Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath and include the city in Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • May 13, 1497
    Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola, who preached against corruption in the Church and civil government, for heresy
  • May 13, 1607
    Jamestown, Virginia, is settled by English privateer Christopher Newport and 105 followers, which would become the first permanent English colony in North America
  • May 13, 1637
    Cardinal Richelieu of France creates the table knife to cure dinner guests of the unsavoury habit of picking their teeth with their knife-points
  • May 13, 1654
    Venetian fleet under Admiral Adeler beats Turkish
  • May 13, 1779
    War of Bavarian Succession ends with Treaty of Teschen
  • May 13, 1830
    Republic of Ecuador is founded after separation from Gran Columbia, with Juan José Flores, a Venezuelan military general, as president
  • May 13, 1861
    Queen Victoria announces England's position of neutrality in the War Between the States
  • May 13, 1888
    Princess Isabel of Brazil signs a law named "Lei Áurea", abolishing slavery and emancipating some 4 million slaves, the most of any nation in the western hemisphere
  • May 13, 1926
    British general strike, involving 2.5 million trade workers, ends, but mine workers go on strike
  • May 13, 1943
    The North African campaign of World War II ends as German and Italian forces forces surrender yielding over 275,000 prisoners of war
  • May 13, 1950
    The first Formula One season is commenced with British Grand Prix, won by Giuseppe Farina for the Alfa Romeo team
  • May 13, 1952
    Jawaharlal Nehru, one of the leaders of the Indian independence movement, becomes premier of India
  • May 13, 1968
    1,000,000 French demonstrate against Charles de Gaulle and Pompidou
  • May 13, 1981
    Pope John Paul II is shot and seriously wounded by Turkish ultra-nationalist Mehmet Ali Ağca, who makes two shots striking the Pope, while passing through Saint Peter's Square in Rome, in an open car
  • May 13, 1992
    Falun Gong, a Chinese spiritual discipline for mind and body, is introduced by Li Hongzhi
  • May 13, 1998
    Indonesian natives destroy and burn Chinese Indonesian-owned properties and kill and rape more than 1,000 Chinese Indonesians during riots against Chinese Indonesians

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