Thursday, May 4, 2017

May 5

  • May 5, 311
    Galerius, emperor of Rome, dies at about age 50, which triggers Maximinus to mobilize forces against Licinius and break stability in the tetrarchy
  • May 5, 553
    Second Council of Constantinople, fifth ecumenical council, opens
  • May 5, 1494
    During his second voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus discovers Jamaica
  • May 5, 1646
    King Charles I surrenders at Newark, Scotland
  • May 5, 1762
    Prussophile Russian Emperor Peter III and the Prussian king Frederick the Great conclude the Treaty of Saint Petersburg, ended the fighting in the Seven Years War between Prussia and Russia
  • May 5, 1764
    Smolny Institute forms in Saint Petersburg for noble girls
  • May 5, 1780
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Second oldest learned society in US, forms in Boston
  • May 5, 1789
    In France the Estates General, summoned by King Louis XVI, convene to repair the national finances
  • May 5, 1789
    Great Britain and Spain begin to dispute the Nootka Sound during the Nootka Crisis
  • May 5, 1802
    In Saint-Domingue, later Haiti, General Toussaint Louverture surrenders to French forces, but many of his generals continued to wage a guerrilla campaign against the French
  • May 5, 1821
    Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France, dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena at age 52 of stomach cancer or poisoning
  • May 5, 1835
    King Leopold opens Brussels-Mechelen railway in Belgium, the second country in Europe to open a railway
  • May 5, 1862
    French troops sent by Napoleon III attempt to capture Puebla de los √Āngeles, a small town in east-central Mexico, but the battle represents a great moral victory for the Mexican government, symbolizing the country's ability to defend sovereignty
  • May 5, 1864
    The Battle of Wilderness begins as Robert E. Lee caught U.S. Grant's forces in the Virginia woods, the first in a series of clashes fought as Grant's army advanced on Richmond, Virginia
  • May 5, 1881
    Anti-Jewish rioting take place in Kiev during Anti-Semitic pogroms in Southern Russia, triggered by the assassination of Tsar Alexander II
  • May 5, 1893
    Panic hits the New York Stock Exchange triggering a severe depression in the country with the failure of 642 banks and over 16,000 businesses
  • May 5, 1912
    Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing as a central organ of the Central Committee of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
  • May 5, 1949
    In London, England, the Statute of the Council of Europe is signed by representatives of ten countries to create greater unity in Europe and promote co-operation in the areas of legal standards, human rights, democratic development
  • May 5, 1950
    Bhumibol Adulyadej is crowned as King Rama IX of Thailand
  • May 5, 1955
    The Allied occupation of West Germany ends and the Federal Republic of Germany becomes an independent sovereign state with the ratification of Paris agreements in Bonn, Germany
  • May 5, 1961
    Alan Shepard, an American naval officer, becomes the second person and the first American to travel into space after a 15-minute suborbital flight
  • May 5, 1965
    First large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam
  • May 5, 1984
    Itaipu Dam, the second largest hydroelectric facility in terms of annual energy generation, opens on the border between Brazil and Paraguay
  • May 5, 2002
    In the second round of the French presidential election, Jacques Chirac outpoll controversial far right politician Jean-Marie Le Pen of National Front
  • May 5, 2014
    A Sunni militant group called the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant begins an offensive through northern Iraq, aiming to capture the Iraqi capital city of Baghdad and overthrow the Shiite government led by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki

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