Wednesday, June 21, 2017

June 22

  • June 22, 168 BC
    Rome under general Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeats Philip V of Macedon at battle of Pydna and assures dominance in Greece
  • June 22, 431
    First Council of Ephesus, the third ecumenical council of the early Christian Church, opens
  • June 22, 1476
    The Swiss overcome Burgundy's Charles the Bold at the Battle of Morat during Burgundian Wars
  • June 22, 1497
    Antitax insurrection in Cornwall is suppressed at Blackheath, London
  • June 22, 1633
    Italian scientist Galileo Galilei is forced to recant that the Earth orbits the Sun and commuted to house arrest by the Roman Catholic Inquisition
  • June 22, 1691
    Ahmed II succeeded Suleiman II in the Ottoman House of Osman
  • June 22, 1740
    King Frederick II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees freedom of religion and the press
  • June 22, 1783
    A poisonous cloud from Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland reaches Le Havre in France
  • June 22, 1799
    In France a scientific congress adopts the length of the meter as one ten-millionth of the distance along the surface of the Earth from its equator to its pole, in a curved line of latitude passing through the center of Paris
  • June 22, 1815
    Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates a second time, in favour of his son, Napoléon Francis Joseph Charles Bonaparte
  • June 22, 1816
    An English statute establishes a single gold standard for money, with silver coins reduced to status of tokens of limited legal tender
  • June 22, 1847
    The first doughnut with a hole in it is created in United States
  • June 22, 1874
    Doctor Andrew Taylor Still of Macon, Missouri, founds osteopathy, a type of alternative medicine, that claims that the wellbeing of an individual depends on their bones, muscles, ligaments and connective tissue functioning smoothly together
  • June 22, 1922
    The Irish Civil War begins between Irish republicans over the Anglo-Irish Treaty shortly after the establishment of the Irish Free State
  • June 22, 1922
    Pius XI becomes Pope
  • June 22, 1940
    After German blitz France formally surrenders at the signing ceremony, held in the same wagon-lit railroad car used by French Marshal Ferdinand Foch to accept the surrender of Germany in 1918
  • June 22, 1941
    Over 4 million soldiers of the Axis powers invade the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, the largest military operation in human history, opening the Eastern Front of World War II
  • June 22, 1944
    Soviet forces, comprised of about 1.2 million men, 2715 tanks, and 5327 aircraft, launch Operation Bagration on German Army Group Centre to clear German forces from the Belorussian SSR and eastern Poland
  • June 22, 1945
    Okinawa, Japan, is declared captured by the Allies with total US casualties about 80,000 and 120,000 Japanese
  • June 22, 1978
    Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, is discovered by James Christy
  • June 22, 1992
    Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg are identified as Czar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra

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