Wednesday, August 9, 2017

August 10

  • August 10, 843
    Sons of Louis the Pious divide Charlemagne's Empire by Treaty of Verdun, so Charles the Bald receives the western portion, which later became France, Louis the German get eastern lands, later the medieval kingdom of Germany, and Lothair I receives the central part
  • August 10, 1497
    John Cabot told King Henry VII of his trip to "Asia" after his return from his first successful journey to the Labrador coast
  • August 10, 1500
    Portuguese explorer Diogo Dias discovers Madagascar
  • August 10, 1539
    King Francis I of France signs edict known as Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts, declaring that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin
  • August 10, 1557
    Spanish and English troops in alliance defeat the French at the Battle of St. Quentin (San Quintino)
  • August 10, 1582
    Russia ends its 25-year war with Poland and cedes Livonia and Estonia to Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth losing access to the Baltic
  • August 10, 1627
    Cardinal Richelieu begins a siege to Protestant La Rochelle, a Huguenot stronghold
  • August 10, 1628
    The Swedish 69-meter warship Vasa capsizes and sinks in Stockholm harbor on her maiden voyage because the ballast is insufficient to counterweight the 64 guns and ballast
  • August 10, 1675
    King of England Charles II lays the foundation stone of Royal Observatory in Greenwich, an important institution in the history of astronomy and navigation
  • August 10, 1678
    The Treaty of Nijmegen ends the hostilities with France and gives to France control over the region of the Franche-Comté
  • August 10, 1680
    In New Mexico Popé, a Tewa religious leader, leads rebellion of Pueblo Indians against Spaniads
  • August 10, 1755
    The Great Upheaval, forced population transfer of the French Acadian population from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, begins
  • August 10, 1779
    Louis XVI of France frees the last remaining serfs on royal land
  • August 10, 1787
    Mozart completes his composition Eine Kleine Nachtmusik
  • August 10, 1792
    Some 20,000 Parisians attack the Tuileries palace of Louis XVI at the instigation of Georges Jacques Danton and massacre some 600 guardsmen after Louis orders his Swiss guard to stop firing on the people
  • August 10, 1809
    Quito, the seat of a real audiencia of Spain in modern-day Ecuador, declares independence from Spain
  • August 10, 1861
    Union general Nathaniel Lyon the first Union general to be killed in the American Civil War, at the Battle of Wilson's Creek in Missouri, which ends with a Confederate victory
  • August 10, 1913
    Second Balkan War ends with Treaty of Bucharest, which confirms territorial acquisitions of Serbia, Greece, and Bulgaria at the expense of Ottoman Empire during the First and Second Balkan Wars
  • August 10, 1927
    United States President Calvin Coolidge formally dedicates the Mount Rushmore site
  • August 10, 2010
    The World Health Organization declares the H1N1 influenza pandemic over, saying worldwide flu activity has returned to typical seasonal patterns

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