Tuesday, April 18, 2017

April 19

  • April 19, 1215
    English barons assemble an army of some 2,000 men near London and demand that King John address their call for tax relief
  • April 19, 1763
    Teedyuscung, a Lenape Indian leader, is burned to death while sleeping in his cabin in the Wyoming Valley
  • April 19, 1775
    At Concord bridge near Boston British troops, who want to seize colonial's weapons and gunpowder, are repulsed by Massachusetts militia with heavy losses to the British which marks beginning of the American Revolution
  • April 19, 1783
    Catherine II, the Empress of Russia, annexes the Crimean Khanate to the Russian empire as Taurida Governorate after series of Russo-Turkish wars
  • April 19, 1794
    Tadeusz Kosciusko force Russians out of Warsaw
  • April 19, 1810
    Simon Bolivar, a military and political leader, is sent by Venezuelan junta with a delegation to the United Kingdom to seek British aid and recognition
  • April 19, 1824
    Lord Byron, an English poet, dies of malaria in Greece at Missolonghi on the gulf of Patras preparing to fight for Greek independence
  • April 19, 1839
    Treaty of London constitutes Belgium as an independent kingdom and confirms the independence of the German-speaking part of Luxembourg
  • April 19, 1892
    The prototype of the first commercially successful American automobile is completed in Springfield, Massachusetts, by Charles Duryea and his brother Frank
  • April 19, 1897
    The first Boston Marathon, the world's oldest annual marathon, is run from Ashland, Massachusetts, to Boston
  • April 19, 1903
    49 Jews are murdered, 700 houses destroyed, and 600 stores pillaged during pogrom in Kishinev triggered by blood libel against Jews and tolerated by the state
  • April 19, 1948
    Chiang Kai-shek is elected President of Nationalist China
  • April 19, 1951
    21-year-old Kiki Hakansson, Miss Sweden, wins the first Miss World beauty pageant held in London, England, as part of the Festival of Britain
  • April 19, 1971
    Salyut 1, the first manned lab in orbit, is launched by USSR
  • April 19, 1995
    Timothy McVeigh bombs the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168, including 8 Federal Marshals and 19 children, and wounding 450
  • April 19, 2005
    Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, succeeds Pope John Paul II, becoming the 265th pope, Pope Benedict XVI

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