Monday, April 17, 2017

April 18

  • April 18, 1506
    The cornerstone of new St. Peter's Basilica is laid by order of Pope Julius II after demolition of the ancient basilica
  • April 18, 1521
    Martin Luther confronts the emperor Charles V in the Diet of Worms and refuses to retract his views which led to his excommunication
  • April 18, 1663
    Osman declares war on Austria beginning Austro-Turkish War
  • April 18, 1688
    Jacobite army begins siege of Derry in Ireland
  • April 18, 1888
    The Imperial British East Africa Company, the administrator of British East Africa, is incorporated in London, England
  • April 18, 1906
    At 5:13 a.m., an earthquake estimated 8.0 on the Richter scale strikes San Francisco, caused by a slip of the San Andreas Fault over a segment about 275 kilometers long, killing estimated 3,000 people from the quake and fires and destroying over 80% of the city
  • April 18, 1924
    First crossword puzzle book is published in USA by Simon and Schuster
  • April 18, 1949
    Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • April 18, 1951
    France, West Germany and Benelux form European Steel and Coal Community by Treaty of Paris, making one more step to the founding of the European Union
  • April 18, 1974
    Red Brigade, a paramilitary organization, kidnaps Italian Attorney General Mario Sossi
  • April 18, 1980
    Zimbabwe, formerly Southern Rhodesia, declares independence from United Kingdom and Robert Mugabe becomes Prime Minister

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