Monday, April 24, 2017

April 25

  • April 25, 1185
    Minamoto Yoritomo, a Japanese general, annihilates the Taira clan at sea battle at Dan-no-ura and gains command of Japan beginning Kamakura period in Japan
  • April 25, 1507
    German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller uses for the first time name America, in honour of the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci, on printed wall map of the world
  • April 25, 1590
    Judar Pasha, a Moroccan military leader, launches his successful attack to capture Timbuktu, Mali
  • April 25, 1626
    A Bohemian military leader Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Ernst von Mansfeldd at Battle of Dessau Bridge during Thirty Years' War
  • April 25, 1644
    Last Ming emperor Chongzhen commits suicide by hanging himself as Beijing fell to the bandit and rebel leader Li Zicheng
  • April 25, 1660
    London Convention Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II starting the Restoration in kingdoms of England, Ireland, and Scotland
  • April 25, 1684
    A Dutch thimble manufacturer John Lofting establishes a thimble manufacture in London
  • April 25, 1707
    At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish forces defeat Anglo-Portuguese
  • April 25, 1719
    Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe, the novel based on the story of Alexander Selkirk, a man who was voluntarily put ashore on a desert island
  • April 25, 1725
    Mir Mahmud Hotaki of Afghanistan is mysteriously killed after going mad, starting to lose Afghan control of Persia
  • April 25, 1822
    Free American Blacks, settled Liberia in West Africa, found Monrovia, named in honor of President James Monroe
  • April 25, 1846
    Mexican troops kill and wound American soldiers on patrol near Rio Grande beginning Mexican–American War, which leads to Mexico's cession of much of the modern-day Southwestern United States
  • April 25, 1859
    The Suez Canal Company begins construction on the canal in Egypt connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, at the northern end
  • April 25, 1867
    Tokyo is opened for foreign trade, thereby obtaining the benefits of western technology
  • April 25, 1876
    The Chicago White Stockings beats Louisville 4-0 in the first game in National League, the world's oldest current professional team sports league
  • April 25, 1915
    78,000 Australian and New Zealand Army Corps troops land at Gallipoli peninsula in the Ottoman Empire
  • April 25, 1925
    World War I general Paul von Hindenburg elected second president of the Weimar Republic in Germany
  • April 25, 1928
    Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes first guide dog for the blind
  • April 25, 1945
    By order of General Dwight Eisenhower, the US 9th Army halts at the Elbe, allowing Russian forces to capture Berlin after British and American troops meet Soviet forces at Torgau on the Elbe river
  • April 25, 1974
    Marcello Caetano, the last prime minister of authoritarian regime known as the Estado Novo, is overthrown in Portugal and exiled to Madeira during Carnation Revolution, which begins transition to democracy in Portugal
  • April 25, 1976
    Portugal adopts constitution, rewritten in order to accommodate socialist and communist principles
  • April 25, 1983
    Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto's orbit

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