Thursday, July 13, 2017

July 14

  • July 14, 1420
    Hussite forces under command of Jan Žižka defeat the forces of Emperor Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor at the Battle of Vítkov Hill, a part of the first anti-Hussite crusade, on the edge of the city of Prague
  • July 14, 1520
    Hernando Cortes beats the Aztecs at the Battle of Otumba in Mexico
  • July 14, 1683
    Turks lay siege to Vienna
  • July 14, 1771
    Junípero Serra, a Spanish Franciscan friar, founds the Mission San Antonio de Padua in California
  • July 14, 1789
    Citizens of Paris, France, storm the Bastille fortress used as a prison to hold political prisoners, beginning the French Revolution and building foundation to modern political structure
  • July 14, 1795
    The Marseillaise, a song written by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle to mobilize all the citizens to fight against the foreign invasion, is officially adopted as the French national anthem
  • April 30, 1803
    The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million and doubles the size of the country by Louisiana Purchase Treaty
  • July 14, 1853
    Commodore Matthew Perry meets with the chief senior councillor in the Japanese government at ceremony at Kurihama, Japan, and presents a letter from former President Fillmore to Emperor Osahito requesting trade relations
  • July 14, 1868
    Tape measure enclosed in a circular case is patented, by AJ Fellows, in Connecticut, United States
  • July 14, 1877
    The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, the world's first nationwide labor strike, begins in Martinsburg, West Virginia due to wage cuts and poor working conditions
  • July 14, 1889
    A Congress of world Socialist parties selected May 1 as International Workers Day to support the United States labor struggle
  • July 14, 1897
    Swede Saloman Andrée's and 2 accomplices, Knute Fraenkle and Nils Strindberg, in the Ornen balloon are forced down after 64 hours in the first expedition to fly by balloon across the North Pole
  • July 14, 1914
    First patent for liquid-fueled rocket design is granted to American physicist Robert H. Goddard
  • July 14, 1946
    American pediatrician Benjamin Spock publishes his book The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care, the best-selling book on infant and child care
  • July 14, 1958
    King Faisal II, the last King of Iraq, is assassinated during the 14 July Revolution at Baghdad
  • July 14, 1960
    Jane Goodall, an English primatologist and anthropologist, begins studying the Kasakela chimpanzee community in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania
  • July 14, 2007
    Following a presidential decree, Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe
  • July 14, 2008
    The Dark Knight, one of the best superhero films based on the DC Comics character Batman, is released in New York

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