Sunday, July 23, 2017

July 24

  • July 24, 356 BC
    Herostratus, inhabitant of Ephesus, ancient city in Greece, now Turkey, burns down the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, in order to become famous
  • July 24, 1534
    French navigator Jacques Cartier, traveling to discover a western passage to the markets of Asia, lands in Canada and claims it for France
  • July 24, 1567
    In Loch Leven Castle prison, Queen of Scots Mary, is forced to abdicate her throne to her one-year-old son James VI
  • July 24, 1651
    Anthony Johnson, an Angolan black, who achieved freedom, receives grant of 250 acres in Virginia and becomes a property owner and slaveholder
  • July 24, 1701
    Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac establishes Fort Ponchartrain for France on the future site of the city of Detroit, Michigan, in an attempt to halt the advance of the English into the western Great Lakes region
  • July 24, 1704
    Admiral George Rooke with an Anglo-Dutch fleet takes Gibraltar from the Spanish in the War of Spanish Succession
  • July 24, 1766
    At Fort Ontario, Canada, Ottawa chief Pontiac and William Johnson sign a peace agreement formally ending the Pontiac's War
  • July 24, 1779
    The Siege of Gibraltar by the Spanish and French is begun
  • July 24, 1783
    Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • July 24, 1791
    Maximilien de Robespierre expels all Jacobins opposed to the principles of the French Revolution
  • July 24, 1847
    Mormon leader Brigham Young and his followers, the first members of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints arrive in the valley of the Great Salt Lake in present-day Utah
  • July 24, 1883
    Matthew Webb, the first person to swim the English Channel, drowns while trying to swim across the Niagara River just below the falls
  • July 24, 1911
    American historian Hiram Bingham III with help of local farmer Melchor Arteaga re-discovers Machu Picchu, "the Lost City of the Incas", bringing it to international attention
  • July 24, 1923
    Treaty of Lausanne, signed by representatives from the Great Britain, France, Italy and Turkey, leads to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the newly formed "Republic of Turkey"
  • July 24, 1924
    FIDE, The World Chess Federation is founded as a kind of players' union in Paris, France
  • July 24, 1959
    US Vice President Richard Nixon argues with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev at the opening of the American National Exhibition at Sokolniki Park in Moscow, known as "Kitchen Debate"

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