Friday, July 14, 2017

July 15

  • July 15, 1099
    Jerusalem falls to the crusaders after a seven weeks of siege ending First Crusade and following a massacre of the city's Muslim and Jewish population with the dead numbered about 3,000
  • July 15, 1410
    Lithuanian-Polish forces defeat the Teutonic Knights at the Battle of Grunwald in Prussia, thereby halting the Knights' eastward expansion along the Baltic and hastening their decline
  • July 15, 1606
    The painter Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, is born in Leiden, Netherlands
  • July 15, 1662
    A Royal Charter, which created the Royal Society of London with Lord Brouncker serving as the first President, is signed
  • July 15, 1685
    James Scott, the Duke of Monmouth and illegitimate son of Charles II, is executed on Tower Hill in England, after his army was defeated at Sedgemoor
  • July 15, 1741
    Georg Wilhelm Steller, a German botanist in Russian exploratory mission under Vitus Bering, claims to see the Alaska, American mainland and becomes a pioneer of Alaskan natural history
  • July 15, 1788
    Louis XVI jails 12 deputies who protest new judicial reforms
  • July 15, 1834
    Spanish Inquisition is officially abolished by a Royal Decree signed by regent Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
  • July 15, 1857
    British women and children are murdered by Indian mutineers in the second Cawnpore Massacre
  • July 15, 1895
    Stefan Stambolov, ex-prime minister of Bulgaria, is murdered by Macedonian rebels
  • July 15, 1918
    Second Battle of the Marne, the last major German Spring Offensive on the Western Front, begins
  • July 15, 1974
    TV news anchor Chris Chubbuck shoots herself in the head with a revolver on live TV, dying 14 hours later, at age 30
  • July 15, 2007
    In Tacoma, Washington, USA, the second span of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge opens to traffic, making it the longest twin suspension bridge in the world

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