Tuesday, July 4, 2017

July 5

  • July 5, 1811
    The congress of Venezuela declares the nation's independence from Spain making Venezuela the first to declare independence during Latin American wars of independence when most of the Latin American colonies free themselves from the Spanish and Portuguese Empires
  • July 5, 1830
    France starts a 40 year conquest of Algeria with a naval bombardment by a fleet under Admiral Duperré, and a landing by troops
  • July 5, 1841
    Thomas Cook, an English entrepreneur, opens the first travel agency as he arranged for the rail company to charge one shilling per person for rail tickets and food for a group of 540 temperance campaigners from Leicester to a rally in Loughborough
  • July 5, 1865
    William Booth, a British Methodist preacher, founds the Salvation Army in east London to serve the poor and homeless
  • July 5, 1932
    António de Oliveira Salazar, a Portuguese professor and politician, becomes dictator of fascist Portugal
  • July 5, 1943
    German Central Army Group and Southern Army Group, about 900,000 troops, begin Operation Citadel, an attack around the Kursk salient in the Ukraine
  • July 5, 1945
    Winston Churchill is defeated in United Kingdom general election by Labour party, so Clement Attlee becomes the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • July 5, 1946
    Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at a Paris fashion show, modelled by Micheline Bernardi
  • July 5, 1962
    Algeria declare independence after end of Algerian war
  • July 5, 1975
    Cape Verde Island gains independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule
  • July 5, 1996
    Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to have been successfully cloned, is born at the Roslin Institute in Scotland
  • July 5, 2001
    Hannelore Kohl, the wife of the former chancellor, Helmut Kohl, commits suicide after she stayed in a completely darkened room in their home for 15 months due to a rare, incurable and increasingly painful allergy to light

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